3 edition of Copyright concerns in the age of distance education found in the catalog.
Copyright concerns in the age of distance education
|Statement||James H. Walther.|
|Series||ERIC-HE digest series -- EDO-HE-2000-9, ERIC digest (ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education) -- EDO-HE-00-9.|
|Contributions||ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education.|
|The Physical Object|
So now you have a student who wants to include audio of a Beatles song in a multimedia presentation about the s, another who wants to include the poem "Casey at the Bat" in a report on the World Series, and a third who wants to post photographs of Biden and Obama to the class Web site. They are concerned that a broadening of the exemption would result in the loss of opportunities to license works for use in digital distance education -- a new, growing, and potentially lucrative market. Why is understanding copyright important for teachers? In the US, the copyright law contains a "fair use" section that gives people some flexibility to use and share information.
The latter requirement suggests that it is inappropriate to invite guests to a classroom showing of a movie. The exceptions can be difficult to understand and apply without the advice of a lawyer. Computers can be used to transmit texts and graphics, connect users in a variety of real-time and asynchronous dialogues, deliver messages between users, and receive both audio and video transmissions. Section 2 of the bill also adds new safeguards to counteract the new risks posed by the transmission of works to students in digital form. Interpretation of the laws regarding sharing of music is the basis for the Napster debate. It is important to note that under the current language of section 2the portion performed would have to be the subject of study in the course, rather than mere entertainment for the students, or unrelated background or transitional material.
Persistence of women in online degree-completion programs. The nature of digital distance education, where the goal is to permit instruction to take place anywhere, makes this limitation conceptually and practically obsolete. If these conditions are not or cannot be met, use of the material will have to qualify as a fair use or permission from the copyright holder s must be obtained. In the past decade, there have been a few national reports on student enrollment, but none has focused specifically on dropout or persistence. Financial barriers occurred when access to the Internet was too expensive.
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Educause Quarterly, 3, This authoritative site links to sections on frequently asked questions, publications, international copyright issues, pending changes, and many other topics. You need to know the laws to protect you, your students, and the developers of Internet content.
As a fundamental premise, the Copyright Office believes that emerging markets should be permitted to develop with minimal government regulation.
In updating section 2it is therefore critical to ensure that the performance or display is analogous to the type of performance or display that would take place in a live classroom setting.
For example, Hara and Kling and Palloff and Prattaddress the physical separation of individual students in online education as a reason for their feeling isolated and a major cause of student confusion and anxiety, leading to problems with course retention. In fact, they point out that they already make such efforts; the use of password protection and other access controls is widespread.
Subsection b requires the Copyright Office, not later than two years after the date of enactment, to convene a conference of interested parties, including representatives of copyright owners, nonprofit educational institutions and nonprofit libraries and archives to develop guidelines for the use of copyrighted works for digital distance education under the fair use doctrine and sections 1 and 2.
There is also a section on copyright law as well as fair use guidelines. Copyright protection attaches automatically to original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression. More efficient licensing mechanisms will become more widespread, and delivery systems will become more efficient, sophisticated and interoperable.
For such works, unlike entertainment products or materials of a general educational nature, the exemption could significantly cut into primary markets, impairing incentives to create.
Copyright covers both published and unpublished works. Streaming formats, which do not facilitate the making of copies, and the use of low resolution digital copies, also offer some degree of protection against redistribution. After access has been gained, however, material is available to students for further use, including downloading, or electronic distribution.
Although flexibility is a major benefit of the fair use doctrine, the corollary is a degree of uncertainty. While the requirement in the bill of noninterference with a copyright owner's technological protection measures coupled with existing prohibitions on circumvention of access control measures in 17 U.
Section c : Exception for public displays — Allows the owner of a lawfully made copy of a work to display it to the public at the place where the work is located. Display of a book using today's technology means making the entire work available digitally.
Educational purpose as in multiple copies of an article for classroom use is more favorable than a commercial purpose.
Content owners, for their part, have expressed concern about the use of the word "intentionally" in the context of interfering with technological measures used by the copyright owner.
Student Fairs and Projects What rules and laws govern the use of materials in student projects? Motteram and Forrester say that students rate contact with faculty as more important than contact with other students. Performance Improvement Quarterly, 18, concerns brought about by the increasing popularity of online or distance education.
since many of the previous Act’s sections were designed for tra- ditionally delivered instruction, online education was adversely affected or. Jan 01, · 37 Old Concerns with New Distance Education Research Media Comparison Studies Have Fatal Flaws That Taint Distance Learning Research Relying on This Strategy Barbara Lockee, Mike Moore, and John BurtonCited by: The article introduction states “This toolkit provides a variety of resources designed to assist you in preparing and offering a workshop that introduces participants to copyright as it relates to distance education.
It describes basic copyright standards, identifies institutional issues and concerns, and outlines ways to deal with them”. Jan 20, · In recent decades India has made significant progress on access to schooling and enrollment rates in primary education but dropout rates and. An item is in public domain when it is no longer protected by copyright because of the age of the work (created before January 21, ), or it did not meet copyright requirements to begin with.
a teacher is not allowed to make photocopies of the entire book, or even an entire chapter, to provide a copy for a student.
Teachers are faced. Context of Distance Education Comprehending the practical implications of the new legislation also requires understanding the congressional vision of “distance education” and the relationship between educators and the institution. The TEACH Act is a clear signal that Congress recognizes the importance of distance education, the.